Kellogg Family

This link (offsite) is to research of the KELLOGG & Many associated surnames which descended to and through Allegany County.  Large book printed in 1903 and digitized by Google.  “KELLOGGS IN THE OLD WORLD AND THE NEW”   (Submitted by Kerry Day who receives our Thanks)

The information below is taken from the Google book:

Since all names were originally significant, although their meaning may have been forgotten in time, it is easy to account for such names as may have been identified with trades, professions, residence, etc., and for the derivation of Kellogg we would first look for some reason which would have caused the adoption of the name by its first bearer.

"Here arises the difficulty of determining the first form of the name, and its many variations may be illustrated by the following examples from the records in Old and New England: Kellog, Kelhogge, Kyllyogge, Kellyogge, Kellogg, Kellogge, Kelogge, Kellok, Kelhoge, Cologe, Kellhogg, Kellork, Kellodge, Cellodge, Kellogue, Kellock, Killhog, Kilhog, Collidge, Calaug, Colloge, Cellog, Keelogg.

We first find the Kelloggs in towns with Saxon names, and if they were Saxon, we have as a possible derivative, Keilhau, the German name of the miner's pickaxe, which is still in existence in Germany, Denmark and Norway.

According to family tradition, however, Great Britain was the original home of the family and there are a number of legends to that effect. The most general of these is that advanced by Hon. Day Otis Kellogg, formerly United States Consul at Glasgow, Scotland, one of the earliest collectors of Kellogg data (See N. E. Hist. Gen. Reg., 1858, Genealogical Items of the Kellogg Family, 88). He relates the tradition that the Kelloggs were partisans of James VI, of Scotland, and came with him to England (when he ascended the throne of Great Britain as James I), and remained there until their settlement in New England. He suggested that the name was derived from two Gaelic words "Kill," a cemetery, and "Loch," a lake—.that is, the "Family of the Lake Cemetery"; and, as a result of his statement, the belief that the family is of Scottish origin is now widespread.

While Kellock and Kellick in England, Ceilog or Cuilog in Wales, Kello and Kellowe* in England and Scotland are not unusual, a diligent search of the public records, in Great Britain, fails to reveal the name of Kellock or Kalloch as early as that of Kellogg, which appears in the Lay Subsidies** for Debden, Essex County, in 1525 (although Nicholas Keylogg was a witness to the will of William Hall, of Debden, in 1515), when Nicholas and William Kellog, of Debden, were taxed and where the name is found in the parish registers from 1558 to 1640. Keylogg, the earliest form of the name in England, is suggestive. A "log" in olden times was a kind of hobble for hindering livestock from straying, and "Keylogg" would indicate a maker of keys for "logs" or hobbles, or possibly of manacles

'There has been found in the Old Records Office in London, a deed, 9 July, 1420, of the Manor of Wygepet in Elmedon, Arkesdes and Wygepet, in which Richard Kellowe, clerk, is mentioned as one of the grantees (Ancient Deeds C. 2222). Wygepet is about five miles from Debden, which is close enough to raise the question whether Kellowe may not have been an early form of the family name.

**A tax granted to the Crown, by Parliament, for the urgent occasions of the realm, and levied on every subject of ability according to the value of his lands or goods."